• Андрій Бутко
Keywords: the territory of the Zadniprskih places of the Hetmanate, documents from property rights, monetary circulation, numismatic sources, coins


The purpose of the study is to study the numismatic collection of Svitlovodsk city museum of local history in the context of the general problems of studying monetary circulation within the territory of Zadniprskih places. The article is devoted to money circulation on the territory of Zadniprskikh places of the Hetmanate in the period from the beginning of the ХVІІ to the middle of the XVIII century. The author analyzes the available written sources, historical and local history researches that deal with the problem of monetary circulation, and also describes and analyzes the numismatic materials from the collection of Svitlovodsky city local history museum related to the territory of the Zadniprskih places of the Hetmanate during the specified period. The monetary circulation of the specified territory in the specified chronological framework in the historical and and local history literature not yet covered, but some local descriptions of numismatic sources made by the local history have been made, which, in their place of location and the time of chasing, are relevant to the specified territory and chronological framework, were not considered in the context of the coverage of monetary circulation. This article is based on the use of the numismatic material of the collection of the Svitlovodsk city local history museum and information on the ownership rights to natural lands and economic objects of the territory of the Zadniprskih places of the inhabitants of the Mirgorod and Poltava regiments of the Hetmanate, which also include documents of the former inhabitants of the Chigirin regiment. The insignificant numismatic material available for studying money circulation in the Zadniprsky places, which is chronologically related to the beginning of the 17th – the first half of the XVIII century, and in its location is related to the said territory, is located in the museum collection of Svetlovodsk city local history museum, private gatherings of local lovers antiquity. Numismatic material entered the museum as a result of searches for picking up the material by museum workers, searchers and amateurs of antiquities, locally located settlements and old residential or commercial structures, now flooded by the waters of the Kremenchug reservoir, from the local population that was accidentally discovered by agricultural, construction or other works. All coins of the museum collection are only in a satisfactory condition (with the exception of a few silver coins in good condition). Due to the influence of the environment in which they were located before the discovery, they possess oxides, the vast majority of coins have traces of their long-term use (attrition of the surface). In the future, the study of the money circulation of the territory of the Zadniprskih places of the Hetmanate can be deepened by studying the numismatic collections of other museums and written sources of archival institutions related to the specified territory during the period from the beginning of the XVII to the middle of the XVIII century. Based on the available in the Svitlovodsk city linguistic museum collection of numismatic material, which in its location refers to the territory of the Zadniprsky places of the Hetmanate and has a period of minting until the middle of the XVIII century, the following conclusions can be made: the small quantity of numismatic material represented by the coins of small denominations of its origin are: Crimean Tatar (eastern), Western European – Polish-Lithuanian, Baltic and Russian chekan; the largest number of coins are the small denomination of Russian dressing from the beginning of the 30-ies. – until the middle of the XVIII century and less coins of the small denomination of the Crimean Khanate and the Rzecz Pospolita of the XVII century mint; Coins got into the territory of Zadniprsky places with people who were in the province temporarily (came to seasonal industries), or moved here to a permanent residence from the Ukrainian right-bank lands that were during the specified chronological period within and under the protectorate of the Rzeczpospolita and Ukrainian left bank lands which was part of and under the protectorate of the Commonwealth until 1686, and later – part and under the protectorate of the Moscow kingdom – the Russian Empire. Coins from the territory of the Crimea and the lower reaches of the Dnieper in the Crimean Khanate and the Ottoman Empire could
fall into this region with the chuvas, the cossacks, during the military campaigns of Crimean Tatars and Turks. These data completely correlate with the information of the documents from property rights of the zadnipres soils of Mirgorodsky and Poltava regiments of the Hetmanate, which testify to the domination of the use of the local population during the XVII century monetary units of polishlithuanian origin and the monetary marks of polish minting, and from the beginning of the 40’s – by the middle of the XVIII century – monetary units of russian origin and money sign of russian minting. In the archival documents on from property rights of the zadnipres soils in the period from the beginning of the XVII – in the first half of the XVIII century in the transactions related to the processes of inheritance and monetary relations of purchase and sale of natural lands and economic objects, the sums (hrosh – polish-lithuanian, denga – russian monetary systems) in the following monetary units are mentioned: kopа, zloty, pound of silver, and coins: western european ducats (called golds, chervones), western european tallers, polish zloty, russian rubles and kopeck. Numismatic materials, along with written, are important sources for studying regional monetary relations within the Hetmanate in the period from the beginning of the 17th to the middle of the XVIII century. It is the numismatic materials that make it possible to shed light on the peculiarities of the regional monetary circulation in terms of the length of use of certain currency by the population, their mass and circulation of coins of various, including foreign origin. At the same time, numismatic material from the territory of Zadniprsky places, which is included in the scientific circulation, is quantitatively insignificant, therefore the introduction of new unpublished numismatic materials relating to the study of monetary circulation in the region is relevant.




to the study of monetary circulation in the region is relevant.


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Author Biography

Андрій Бутко

postgraduate student of the department of social
information and archival affairs
Central Ukrainian National Technical University,
Director of the Svitlovodsk city local history
(Svitlovodsk city), Ukraine

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